• Market leader
  • Innovative & leading
  • Safest technology

Vacuum truck for working with wet (hazardous) substances in industry Vacuum trucks for WET hazardous substances

Vacuum trucks - wet

What is a wet substances vacuum truck?

A wet substances vacuum truck is a vacuum truck upon which a vacuum tank is mounted; negative pressure (a vacuum) is applied to this tank by a vacuum pump. The negative pressure on the tank creates a pressure difference between its contents and the atmosphere. The resultant suction effect means air (gas) is discharged into the atmosphere via the vacuum pump. This is why wet substances trucks are also called pressure/vacuum trucks.​


When using a wet substances vacuum truck, the product (which can be both liquid and/or sludge) is captured in the sludge tank as a result of this negative pressure. 

The vacuumed product does not go into the vacuum pump or the service water tank; only the vapours (gases) and particles go there. The shut-off valve/ball float on the intake of the vacuum pump comes into operation when the tank is full. 

In the event excess vapours (gases) are going to be released, a KOKS scrubber can be connected to clean them before they are released into the atmosphere.

 

Need thorough advice?

We can imagine that you would like to know more about our products, the fields of application and our company. Make an appointment without obligation to get to know us and our extensive range of industrial cleaning machines.

 

We will be more than willing to tell you why thousands of professionals worldwide trust KOKS Group and KOKS equipment.

 

You can contact us by calling +31 (0)72 540 66 99, by emailing info@koks.com or by filling in the contact form via the link below. On working days we are available between 07.30 and 17.00 and we are happy to be of service.

Brief description of how a wet substances vacuum truck works


Brief description of how a wet substances vacuum truck works:
 

  • Vacuum transport
    The movement of the product is a result of the pressure difference.
  • Volume increase
    As the material makes the transition from the suction pipe connection (6'') to the tank (which is bigger than 6''), the liquid separates from the air flow.
  • Filtration
    Vapours/liquids are removed from the air flow in the service water tank.
  • Venting
    The remaining air flow is discharged through a vent pipe.

Safety provisions for wet substances vacuum trucks

Wet substances vacuum trucks with ASME, DOT 407/412 and/or ATEX (Ex) certification are further equipped with various safety equipment that makes them suitable for the transportation of hazardous substances on public roads. These include, for example, impact/roll bars, tank locking, nitrogen connection, etc.

Main components of a wet substances vacuum truck

  • Pressure/vacuum tank (sludge tank, service water tank and clean water tank)
  • Pumps and drive (vacuum pump, high-pressure pump and compressor)
  • Various control and operating systems (pneumatic, hydraulic and electrical)
  • Various safety devices (nitrogen connection, rupture disk, clamp protection, rear cover safety, etc.)

Liquid ring vacuum pump: one of the unique components

As the name liquid ring vacuum pump suggests, this type of pump features a liquid ring. There is no mechanical contact between the pump's moving parts. The liquid acts as small pistons, in much the same way as a traditional piston pump. As a result, the pump also develops very little heat and it is possible to achieve a deep vacuum.
 

When the pump starts, the liquid ring rotates at the same speed as the rotor. The rotor is slightly offset from the centre and the liquid ring features an array of small cells. A cell in the uppermost position  is completely filled with water. As the cell turns, a pocket of air is created at the rotor hub.
 

The liquid acts as a piston as it moves away from the rotor hub to create a suction effect. As the cell passes the bottom of the chamber, the liquid begins pressing in towards the rotor hub. This causes the air to be forced out of the cell, filling it with liquid ready for the next suction cycle.
 

To separate the suction and compression parts of the pump, the ends of the casing are fitted with a flow plates and pump housing. Some pump types feature connections at both ends, while others (monoblock pumps) only have one at one end of the liquid ring.

Types of wet substances vacuum trucks and equipment

The operation of a wet substances vacuum truck is based on the movements of substances due to movement of air, or pneumatic transport. Pressure/vacuum trucks operating according to this principle are the KOKS EcoVac, KOKS EcoVac Combi and KOKS MultiVac. There is also self-supporting vacuum equipment for wet substances, such as the KOKS EcoVac Loader, KOKS EcoVac Trailer and KOKS EcoVac Container.

Applications for use of wet substances in vacuum equipment

  • Emergency clean-up
  • Technical chemical cleaning
  • Industrial cleaning
  • Offshore activities
  • Oil separation
  • Onshore activities
  • Petro-chemical activities
  • Well cleaning
  • Sewer cleaning
  • Septic tank cleaning
  • Shutdown cleaning work
  • Silo cleaning
  • Transport work
  • Vacuum cleaning work
  • Grease pit cleaning
  • Water surface cleaning
  • Collection of waste oil
  • Municipal cleaning
  • Ship cleaning
  • Soil boring
  • Pressuring liquids
  • Oven cleaning

KOKS EcoVac

Vacuum truck

The KOKS EcoVac pressure/vacuum truck is perfect for day-to-day suction, discharge and transportation activities, general industrial cleaning or for use in the (petro)chemical industry and in refineries.

KOKS EcoVac Combi

Vacuum / jetting truck

The KOKS EcoVac Combi vacuum/jetting truck can be used for suctioning, discharging and transporting fluid and hazardous substances, such as liquids, sludge, fats, oils, fuels and chemicals, but also for jetting and cleaning pipes, tanks and sewers at high pressure.

KOKS MultiVac

Vacuum truck with blower!

The KOKS MultiVac pressure/vacuum truck is perfect for day-to-day suction, discharge and transportation activities, general industrial cleaning or for use in the (petro)chemical industry and in refineries.

KOKS EcoVac Loader

Vacuum unit

The KOKS EcoVac Loader is a self-contained vacuum unit which, without the use of a chassis, is perfect for day-to-day suction, discharge and transportation activities, general industrial cleaning or for use in the (petro)chemical industry and in refineries.

KOKS EcoVac Trailer

Vacuum trailer

The KOKS EcoVac Trailer stand-alone vacuum trailer is perfect for day-to-day suction, discharge and transportation activities, general industrial cleaning or for use in the (petro) chemical industry and in refineries.

KOKS EcoVac Container

Vacuümunit

The KOKS EcoVac Container is a self-contained vacuum unit which, without the use of a chassis, is perfect for day-to-day suction activities, general industrial cleaning or for use in the (petro)chemical industry and in refineries. When fitted with the additional offshore kit, the EcoVac Container is ideally suited for offshore work.